Orthodontic dictionary

Orthodontic language can sound like… another language! Our team here at Fillman Orthodontics will ensure you understand everything about your treatment journey, but if there are some words we use that you’re not sure of their meaning, we hope our orthodontic dictionary will help! 

Choose a glossary:

 

Parts of Braces

Appliance
Anything your orthodontist attaches to your teeth that moves your teeth or changes the shape of your jaw.

Archwire
The metal wire that acts as a track to guide your teeth as they move. It is changed periodically throughout treatment as your teeth move to new positions.

Band
A metal ring that is cemented to your tooth that goes completely around it. Bands provide a way to attach brackets to your teeth.

Bond
The seal created by orthodontic cement that holds your appliances in place.

Bracket
A metal or ceramic part cemented (“bonded”) to your tooth that holds your archwire in place.

Coil Spring
A spring that fits between your brackets and over your archwire to open space between your teeth.

Elastic (Rubber Band)
A small rubber band that is hooked between different points on your appliance to provide pressure to move your teeth to a new position.

Elastic Tie
The tiny rubber band that fits around your bracket to hold the archwire in place. They come in a variety of colors.

Headgear
Headgear uses an external wire apparatus known as a facebow to guide the growth of your face and jaw gently by moving your teeth into proper position. The force is applied to the facebow by a spring-loaded neck strap or head strap. The straps have a safety release that disconnects if the facebow is pulled or snagged.

Headgear Tube
A round, hollow attachment on your back bands. The inner bow of your headgear fits into it.

Hook
A welded or removable arm to which elastics are attached.

Ligature
A thin wire that holds your archwire into your bracket.

Lip Bumper
A lip bumper is an archwire attached to a molded piece of plastic. The lip bumper holds back the molars on your lower jaw to provide more space for your other teeth.

Mouthguard
A device that protects your mouth from injury when you participate in sports or rigorous activities.

Palatal Expander
A device that makes your upper jaw wider.

Retainer
An appliance that is worn after your braces are removed, the retainer attaches to your upper and/or lower teeth to hold them in place. Some retainers are removable, while others are bonded to the tongue side of several teeth.

Separator or Spacer
A small rubber ring that creates space between your teeth before the bands are attached.

Tie Wire
A fine wire that is twisted around your bracket to hold the archwire in place.

Wax
Wax is used to stop your braces from irritating your lips.

Orthodontic procedures

Banding
The process of fitting and cementing orthodontic bands to your teeth.

Bonding
The process of attaching brackets to your teeth using special orthodontic cement.

Cephalometric X-ray
An X-ray of your head that shows the relative positions and growth of the face, jaws, and teeth.

Consultation
A meeting with your orthodontist to discuss a treatment plan.

Debanding
The process of removing cemented orthodontic bands from your teeth.

Debonding
The process of removing cemented orthodontic brackets from your teeth.

Impressions
A model of your mouth made by biting into a soft material that hardens into a mold of your teeth. Your orthodontist will use these impressions to prepare your treatment plan.

Invisalign®
An alternative to traditional braces, Invisalign straightens your teeth with a series of clear, custom-molded aligners. Invisalign can correct some, but not all, orthodontic problems.

Ligation
The process of attaching an archwire to the brackets on your teeth.

Panoramic X-ray
An X-ray that rotates around your head to take pictures of your teeth, jaw, and other facial areas.

Frequently asked questions about orthodontics

What is orthodontics?

Orthodontics (also referred to as dentofacial orthopedics) is a specialized form of dentistry focusing on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial abnormalities.

What is an orthodontist?

An orthodontist is a dental specialist who has received two to three years of additional training and experience. Your orthodontist is able to straighten teeth, correct misaligned jaw structure, and improve the function of your smile.

What's the best age to visit the orthodontist?

If you want to improve the look and feel of your smile, then any age can be a great age to see the orthodontist. The American Association of Orthodontists recommends that children first visit an orthodontist around the age of seven; however, orthodontic treatment is not exclusive to children and teens, with about one in every five orthodontic patients being over the age of 21. Whether you're considering treatment for yourself or for a child, any time is a good time to visit the orthodontist.

How can I take care of my teeth if I'm wearing braces or a retainer?

  • ALWAYS remember to brush your teeth after every meal, and floss at least once a day.
  • Make sure to use toothpaste that contains fluoride, and ask your orthodontist or family dentist if you need a fluoride rinse. This will help prevent cavities!
  • If you take out your retainer to eat, make sure you brush your teeth, floss, and remember to keep it safe in its container so that it does not get lost or broken.
  • Keep your retainer clean, too, by brushing it gently with a toothbrush and toothpaste. You may also soak it in denture cleaner as instructed by your orthodontist. Do not put your retainer in boiling water or in the dishwasher.
  • During your treatment, try to avoid foods with a lot of sugar, which increases the amount of bacteria that grows in your mouth, causing more plaque and possibly cavities.
  • Avoid sticky and chewy foods (caramel, chewing gum, gummy bears), hard foods (hard candy, nuts, ice cubes), or any foods that could possibly get stuck in your braces (corn on the cob, soft bagels, ribs, taffy, etc.).
  • Be sure to schedule your routine checkups with your family dentist. It is recommended that you continue to visit the dentist every six months.
 

What are braces?

Braces are used by your orthodontist to help you improve the look and feel of your smile. There are several different types of braces to choose from, including:

  • Clear braces
  • Ceramic braces
  • Lingual braces
  • Self-ligating braces
  • Invisible braces
  • Traditional metal braces
 

If I get braces, how long do I have to wear them?

The amount of time spent in braces will vary depending on the individual patient, because every smile responds differently to treatment. Treatment times can take anywhere between 6 and 30 months, but most standard treatments take about 22 months.

Do braces hurt?

Braces do not often hurt, though you may feel a small amount of discomfort for a couple days as your teeth, gums, cheeks, and mouth get used to your new braces.

Do I need to brush my teeth more often if I have braces?

With braces, you should brush your teeth at least three times a day to keep your teeth, gums, and mouth healthy and clean. Brushing regularly will help remove any food that may be caught between the braces. You should also floss daily to get in between your braces where your brush isn't able to reach. Your orthodontist can show you how to properly brush and floss once your braces are placed.

If I have braces, do I still need dental checkups every six months?

Yes! In fact, it's even more important that patients receiving orthodontic treatment visit their dentist regularly. With braces, food may be caught in places that your toothbrush can't reach. This causes bacteria to build up that can lead to cavities, gingivitis, and gum disease. Your dentist will work closely with your orthodontist to make sure that your teeth stay clean and healthy while wearing braces.

Will my braces interfere with my school activities like sports, playing an instrument, or singing?

Playing an instrument or a contact sport may require some adjustment when you first get your braces, but wearing braces will not stop you from participating in any of your school activities. If you play a contact sport, it is recommended that you wear a mouthguard to protect your braces or appliance.

How do I schedule my next appointment?

Simply call our practice! Our front desk staff will be happy to help schedule your next appointment at your convenience. If you are a new patient or have been referred to our practice, please let us know and we will provide you with all of the information you need.

Want to start your journey to a beautifully straight smile? Book your free consultation with the friendly Fillman Orthodontics team today. 

Invisalign - watch it in action

Invisalign - what is it?

Invisalign treatment uses a series of virtually invisible, removable, and comfortable aligners that allow you to smile more during treatment as well as after. Invisalign clear aligners are made with 3D computer imaging technology and have been proven effective. More than 70% of orthodontists in the US and Canada are certified to administer Invisalign treatment.

Invisalign - what is it?

Invisalign treatment uses a series of virtually invisible, removable, and comfortable aligners that allow you to smile more during treatment as well as after. Invisalign clear aligners are made with 3D computer imaging technology and have been proven effective. More than 70% of orthodontists in the US and Canada are certified to administer Invisalign treatment.

Discover Invisalign

Invisalign - what is it?

Invisalign treatment uses a series of virtually invisible, removable, and comfortable aligners that allow you to smile more during treatment as well as after. Invisalign clear aligners are made with 3D computer imaging technology and have been proven effective. More than 70% of orthodontists in the US and Canada are certified to administer Invisalign treatment.

Discover Invisalign

INVISALIGN

INVISALIGN TEEN

METAL BRACES

Our team

  • Ruth

    Appointment Coordinator

    Hello, my name is Ruth and I am the one who answers the phone, makes your appointments and welcomes you to our office. I've been here for elevenyears now and really enjoy my work. Dr. Fillman is very talented and I've entrusted him with the smiles of my own children. I love my job and look forward to coming to work every day, meeting and getting to know our patients and parents.

    I was born in Africa and lived in Greece, Japan, and Belgium all because of my father's job. I am married with two kids and I love to walk and hike. I also have two dogs.

  • CLAUDIA

    Treatment Coordinator

    Hi, my name is Claudia. I have many years of office experience and am honored to be working with the team at Fillman Orthodontics. I am here for you from the very beginning, helping to start you on your path to a great smile. The best part of my job.... meeting each of you and getting to know so many really nice people.

    I have three grown daughters and fourbeautiful grandchildren. I was born in California, and other then a few years living in Arizona, I have been here my whole life. I love gardening and playing with my grandkids!

Testimonials

  • We love Dr. Fillman and his staff!
    They are the friendliest most cheerful group of people you will ever find! They have taken care of all four of my girls. Two of them are finished completely and the other two are in the process!
    Thanks again!
    Mahlana C
  • They provide excellent and knowledgeable service and care. The staff is kind and sensitive. Dr. Fillman personally takes care of his patients and communicates clearly every step of the treatment, showing the progress achieved and explaining the next steps. We love Fillman Orthodontics!
    Patricia H
  • I now have my 3rd child in braces with Dr. Fillman's office. We have only experienced the ighest quality care in treatment and professionalism. As a parent, I am confident that there is no ther place I would trust my children's teeth with than Dr. Fillman's Orthodontics. I look forward to knowing that my 4th child is in good hands
    Wendy B

Before and afters

Paula 18

Invisalign

Patient started treatment at age 11 and wore braces for 26 months. She loves her new smile

FIND US IN YUCAIPA

33699 Yucaipa Blvd. #1-E
Yucaipa,
CA 92399
(909) 790-7799 DIRECTIONS & OPENING HOURS